In fresh years reminiscence has turn into a vital thought in historic stories, following the definition of the time period 'Cultural reminiscence' via the Egyptologist Jan Assmann in 1994. brooding about reminiscence, as either someone and a social phenomenon, has ended in a brand new means of conceptualizing heritage and has drawn historians into debate with students in different disciplines comparable to literary reviews, cultural thought and philosophy. the purpose of this quantity is to discover reminiscence and id in historic societies. ‘We are what we consider' is the notable thesis of the Nobel laureate Eric R Kandel, and this holds both precise for historical societies as sleek ones. How did the societies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome have in mind and commemorate the earlier? How have been relationships to the previous, either person and collective, articulated? Exploring the stability among reminiscence as survival and reminiscence as reconstruction, and among reminiscence and traditionally recorded truth, this quantity reveals the best way old societies shaped their cultural identity.